GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS
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In the Name of Allaah, All Compassionate, All Merciful
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272 technical terms currently listed

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Top of Page Aadaab ettiquette, morals, manners, rules of conduct, public morals.
  Aakhirah

the Hereafter.

  'Aalim (pl. 'Ulamaa.)

learned religious scholar.

  Aameen

literally means "O Allaah! accept my/our invocation(s)".

  'Aashooraa

the 10th day of Muharram (the first month of the Islaamic calendar).

  Aayah (pl. Aayaat) a section of the Qur.aanic text often referred to as a verse. It is also the smallest unit of revelation.
  'Abd

a male slave/servant.

  Abkam (pl. Bukmun, Bukmaan)

dumb

  'Adaalah

justice, uprightness of character.

  Adhaan

the call to prayer pronounced loudly to indicate that the time of prayer has entered.

  'Adl

justice, upright and just.

  Ahad

solitary Hadeeth, report by a single person or by odd individuals.

  Ahlul-Kitaab (People of the Book)

term used collectively to refer to the Jews and Christians, to whom the Towraat (Tawrah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were revealed respectively.

  Ajnabee (fem. Ajnabiyyah)

stranger, foreigner, alien, unrelated, third party.

  Al-Kabaa.ir

the major sins.

 
Allaah

the Creator of the Universe. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) is singular and is not human nor part of a Trinity, as in Christianity.

 
Allaahu Akbar

literally means "Allaah is the Greatest".

  Allaahul-Musta'aan literally means "Allaah's assistance is sought"
 
Al-Hamdu-Lillaah

literally means "All Praise be to Allaah".

  Al-Masjid Al-Aqsaa

the masjid in Al-Quds (Jerusalem), which is the third holiest masjid in Islaam.

  Al-Masjid Al-Haraam

the grand masjid in Makkah, which is the holiest masjid in Islaam.

  Al-Masjid An-Nabawee

the Prophet's masjid in Madeenah, which is the second holiest masjid in Islaam.

  'Amah

a female slave/servant.

  'Amal

act, practice, precedent.

  Amr (pl. Awaamir, Umoor)

command, matter, affair.

 
'Aqeedah

creed, belief, way of thinking.

  'Aqeeqah

the sacrificing of two sheep for a boy or one sheep for a girl on the occasion of their birth, as a token of gratitude to Allaah for His favours.

  'Aql

intellect, rationality, reason.

  'Arafah (pl. 'Arafaat)

the open plains south-east of Makkah where the pilgrims gather on the 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah as per the rites of the Hajj.

  Asl (pl. Usool)

root, origin, source.

 
As-Salaamu 'Alaykum

literally means "peace be upon you". It is the expression used by Muslims to greet each other.

 
Astaghfi-rullaah

literally means "I seek forgiveness from Allaah".

 
A'oothu Billaahe min-ash-Shaytaanir-Rajeem

literally means "I beseech Allaah in seeking refuge from Shaytaan the outcast".

 
'Asr, Salaat al-

late afternoon prayer. The third of the obligatory five daily prayers.

  Athar (pl. Aathaar)

deeds and precedents of the Companions of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam).

 
'Awrah

reference to the portions of a person's body that are to be covered properly. Under different circumstances, a person's 'awrah will be different. For example, for women, their 'awrah in the prayer when no men are around is different from their 'awrah when they go out in public which is yet different from their 'awrah when they perform the Hajj or the 'Umrah.

Top of Page Baatil (Ibtaal)

null and void.

  Baqee'

the graveyard of the people of Madeenah, close to the Prophet's masjid. A number of the Prophet's (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) wives and daughters are buried there, including many thousands of his companions.

  Bid'ah

an innovation in the religion of Islaam. This is to be detested and rejected.

  Bint (pl. Banaat)

daughter (of)

 
Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem

literally means "In the name of Allaah the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful".

Top of Page Daa'ee (pl. Du'aat); (fem. Daa'iyah)

one who engages in missionary work to invite all people to worship Allaah as one without associating any partners with Him, in short - Islaam.

 
Dajjaal

great liar or deceiver. The one-eyed beast popularly known as the Anti-Christ.

  Daleel (pl. Adillaah)

proof, indication, evidence.

 
Da'wah

missionary work to invite all people to worship Allaah as one without associating any partners with Him, in short - Islaam.

 
Deen

way of life, religion.

  Dhuhaa

the forenoon. Also time for the voluntary prayer.

  Dhul-Qi'dah eleventh month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Dhul-Hijjah twelfth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Diyah (pl. Diyaat)

blood-money (for wounds, killing etc.), compensation paid by the killer to the relatives of the victim.

 
Du'aa

prayer, supplication.

 
Dunyaa

this world.

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'Eed al-Fitr and 'Eed al-Adhaa

two Islaamic festivals. The first occurs at the end of the fasting month of Ramadhaan, whilst the second occurs at the end of the Hajj.

  Fahshaa.

fornication, lewdness.

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Fajr, Salaat al-

pre-dawn prayer. The first of the obligatory five daily prayers.

  Faqeeh (pl. Fuqahaa.)

jurist, one who is learned in fiqh.

  Faraa.id

fixed share prescribed for distribution of the wealth of the deceased amongst the relatives.

 
Fardh

obligatory, obligation.

  Fardh 'ayn

personal obligation.

  Fardh kifaayah

collective obligation.

 
Fatwa (p. Fataawa)

legal ruling based upon the Qur.aan and the Sunnah, passed by a Scholar in response to a question.

  Fidyah

ransom, compensation, redemption (from omission of religious obligation).

 
Fiqh

Islaamic jurisprudence.

 
Fitnah

translates to civil strife, war, riot, or satanic act.

Top of Page Ghusl

"major ritual purification", the complete ritual washing of the body. It is required, for example, after sexual intercourse or after a woman has completed her menses.

Top of Page Hadath Akbar

the major impurity, i.e. after sexual relations or fluid discharge.

  Hadath Asghar

the minor impurity, i.e. passing wind, urine or stools.

  Hadd (pl. Hudood)

limit, prescribed penalty.

 
Hadeeth (pl. Ahaadeeth)

literally means "sayings" and could refer to the recorded quotes of anyone. Usually, it is the title given to the collection of recorded words, actions and tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) which serve as an explanation of the meaning of the Noble Qur.aan.

  Hafitha-hullaah literally means, "May Allaah protect and preserve him".
  Hafitha-hallaah literally means, "May Allaah protect and preserve her".
  Hafitha-humallaah literally means, "May Allaah protect and preserve them both".
  Hafitha-humullaah literally means, "May Allaah protect and preserve them all".
 
Hajj

the "major pilgrimage". The once in a lifetime obligation (only if one possesses the means) of pilgrimage to Makkah, made up of specified rites performed between the 8th to the 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah (eleventh month of the Islaamic year). It is one of the five pillars of Islaam.

 
Halaal

that which is lawful/permissible in Islaam.

 
Haraam

that which is unlawful/forbidden in Islaam.

  Hasan

an acceptable Hadeeth although it does not reach the level of authenticity of a Saheeh Hadeeth. It is still considered an authority in Islaamic Law.

  Hayaa

'modesty', 'self-respect', 'bashfulness', 'honour', etc. It is of two kinds: good Hayaa - is to be ashamed to commit a sin which Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) and His Messenger (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) have forbidden: bad Hayaa - is to be ashamed to do that which Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) and His Messenger (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) have ordered.

  Hijaab

a reference to the proper dress of a Muslim woman which covers her completely.

  Hijaamah (Ihtijaam)

cupping.

  Hijrah

the Prophet Muhammad's (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) migration from Makkah to Madeenah, signifying the beginning of the Islaamic calendar.

  Hukm (pl. Ahkaam)

law, value or ruling of Sharee'ah.

Top of Page Ibil (pl. Jimaal)

camel.

  Ibn (pl. Banoon)

son (of).

  Ibn as-Sabeel

one on a journey, tramp.

  Ibt (pl. Aabaat)

armpit.

  'Iddah

the woman's waiting period following dissolution of marriage either by death (of her husband) or divorce.

  Ifaadhah, Tawaaf al-

the circumambulation of the Ka'bah which is performed on the 10th day of Dhul-Hiijah. It is one of the pillars or essential acts of the Hajj.

  Iftaar

breaking the fast.

  Ihraam

the inviolable state of either Hajj or 'Umrah. In this state, one is not allowed to perform certain acts that on another occasions are permissible.

  Ijbaar

compulsion.

  Ijmaa'

consensus of opinion, unanimous, resolution.

  Ijtihaad

the effort a jurist makes in order to deduce the law, which is not self-evident, from it sources.

  Ikhtilaaf

juristic disagreement, difference of opinion.

 
Imaam

a religious scholar or one who who leads the congregational prayers.

 
Inshaa.-Allaah

literally means, "If Allaah wills".

  Iqaamah

a call indicating the prayer is about to begin.

  Irth (Meeraath, pl. Mawaareeth)

inheritance.

 
'Ishaa. Salaat al-

night prayer. The fifth of the obligatory five daily prayers.

 
Islaam

literally means "Total submission to the Will of Allaah". In this context, Islaam is the only religion recognised by Allaah. Its message (There is none truly worthy of worship except Allaah) was the same Message delivered by all Prophets. This divine religion was completed with revelations in the form of the Noble Qur.aan given to the last Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam.

  Istihaadhah

This is a prolonged or continuous flow of blood from the vagina or a flow of blood of outside of the monthly menses.

 
Istikhaarah, Salaat al-

When a person has a choice between doing a particular (permissible) act, he asks Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) to guide him to that act if it is better for him and to take him away from that act if it is not good for him, and to bring him what is good for him. This is done by performing two rak'ahs of voluntary prayer and then making a special supplication afterwards.

  Istisqaa, Salaat al-

the prayer invoking Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) for rain. It is followed by a khutbah.

  Ithbaat

confirming, authenticating, making sure.

  Ithm (pl. Aathaam)

sin, crime, wrongdoing.

  I'tikaaf

seclusion in a masjid for the purpose of worshipping Allaah only. Commonly practised during the last ten days and nights of Ramadhaan.

  Ittibaa'

holding steadfast to authentic narrations, imitation.

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Jahannam

hell.

  Jamaa'ah (pl. Jamaa'aat)

congregation, group, party.

  Janaabah

the major state of impurity, after having had sexual relations or sexual discharge through whatever means, i.e. a wet dream. In this state, ghusl is obligatory, if unable to do so, then tayammum will temporarily suffice.

 
Jannah

paradise.

 
Jazaa-Kallaahu Khayr

literally means, "May Allaah reward you ([male] singular) with good".

  Jazaa-Kumallaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward you ([male/female] two) with good".
  Jazaa-Kumullaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward you ([male] group) with good".
  Jazaa-Killaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward you ([female] singular) with good".
  Jazaa-Kunullaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward you ([female] group) with good".
  Jazaa-Hullaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward him ([male] singular) with good".
  Jazaa-Humallaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward them ([male/female] two) with good".
  Jazaa-Humullaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward them ([male] group) with good".
  Jazaa-Hallaahu Khayr literally means, "May Allaah reward her ([female] singular) with good".
  Jazaa-Hunullaahu Khayr

literally means, "May Allaah reward them ([female] group) with good".

 
Jihaad

to strive hard, or to fight to defend one's life, property, freedom, and religion. It can also refer to an attempt to free other people from oppression and tyranny. Importantly, Islaam strongly opposes kidnapping, terrorism, or hijacking against civilian targets, even at the time of war.

  Jilbaab

outer cloak that women are commanded to wear, as mentioned in Soorah al-Ahzaab. It covers the woman's entire body from her head to her feet.

  Jinn

living beings created from fire. They can observe humans and all that is around them, however the humans cannot see them. It is both the Jinn and the mankind to whom Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) was sent as the final Messenger.

  Jizyah

head tax imposed on all non-Muslims living under the protection of an Islaamic government.

  Jumaada al-Oolaa fifth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Jumaada ath-Thaaniyah / al-Aakhirah sixth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Jumhoor

dominant majority.

  Jumu'ah, Salaat al-

the Friday prayer performed in jamaa'ah after the khutbah. This is in place of the Salaat az-Zhuhr.

  Junub

a person in a state of janaabah.

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Kaafir (pl. Kuffaar, Kaafiroon)

literally means "one who covers up the truth". It is used to refer to someone who is made aware of the message of Islaam but refuses to worship Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala). Commonly known as disbeliever.

 
Ka'bah

the cubed looking structure in Makkah toward which all Muslims turn in prayer. This is the first house of worship built by Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) and his son Prophet Ismaa'eel ('alayhimaa as-salaam) to glorify Allaah.

  Kaffaarah (pl. Kaffaaraat)

penance, expiation.

  Kalaam

speech, often used as abbreviation for 'ilmul-kalaam which is theology and dogmatics.

  Karaahah (or Karaahiyyah)

abhorrence, abomination.

  Khaas

specific, a word or a text which conveys a specific meaning.

  Khabar (pl. Akhbaar)

news, report. Also used as a synonym for hadeeth.

 
Khaleefah

the religious and political leader of the Islaamic state.

 
Khilaafah

the Islaamic state.

  Khusoof, Salaat al-

the two rak'ah prayer performed on the occasion of the lunar eclipse.

  Khutbah

a public sermon.

 
Kufr

disbelief.

  Kunyah

nickname, commonly practised amongst the Arabs by calling a male Abu, i.e. father (of so and so); and a female Umm, i.e. mother (of so and so). So for example Abu 'Abdullaah means Father of 'Abdullaah, and likewise Umm 'Abdullaah means Mother of 'Abdullaah.

  Kusoof, Salaat al-

the two rak'ah prayer performed on the occasion of the solar eclipse.

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Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah

literally means, "There is none truly worthy of worship except Allaah".

  Labbayk Allaahumma Labbayk

literally means "O Allaah! I respond to Your Call".

  Laylatul-Qadar

one of the odd last ten nights of the month of Ramadhaan for which Allaah has prescribed the reward for acts of worship being better/equivalent to 1,000 months (83 years and 4 months).

Top of Page Maa Shaa.-Allaah

literally means, "Whatever Allaah wishes", indicating a good omen.

 
Madeenah

the Holy city located in Saudi Arabia, which was the first political centre of Islaam. The Prophet Muhammad's (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) grave and masjid are located in this city.

  Madhhab (pl. Madhaahib)

jurisitic school of thought.

 
Maghrib, Salaat al-

after sunset prayer. The fourth of the obligatory five daily prayers.

  Mahr

bridal-money given by the husband to the wife at the time of marriage. It is from the rights of the wife. It strictly becomes the property of the wife to use as she wishes.

  Mahram

a reference to a woman's husband and all the men that are within the prohibited degrees of marriage, such as her father, brothers, father-in-law and so forth. It is allowed for a woman to be alone with such men, travel with them and so on. It can also be used in reference to a man's wife and all the women relatives within the prohibited degrees, such as his mother, sisters and so forth. He is allowed to be alone with such women, travel with them and so forth.

 
Makkah

the Holy city located in Saudi Arabia, where the Ka'bah is situated and to where millions of pilgrims come to every year.

  Makrooh

not approved of, abominable, reprehensible - however not sinful.

  Mandoob

commendable.

  Manhaj methodology.
  Mansookh

abrogated, repealed.

  Maqaam Ibraaheem

the stone upon which Ibraaheem stood whilst he and his son Ismaa'eel built the Ka'bah.

  Marwah

one of the two mounts neighbouring to the east of al-Masjid al-Haraam. It is required to perform the sa'ee between the two mounts seven times, (beginning at Safaa) during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.

  Mashhoor

well-known, widespread.

  Masjid (pl. Masaajid)

the Muslim's place of worship.

  Mawdoo' (pl. Mawdoo'aat)

fabricated, forged.

  Meeqaat (pl. Mawaaqeet)

refers to a place specified for pilgrims to assume the state of ihraam.

  Mi'raaj

ascension of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) to the heavens.

  Miswaak

"toothbrush" adapted from the roots of the Arak tree.

  Mu.adhdhin

one who makes the adhaan.

  Mubaah (Ibaahah)

permissible.

 
Muhammad

the last Messenger of Allaah to all of mankind and jinn. He was the last of the Prophets in a line which included such Prophets as Ibraaheem (Abraham), Nooh (Noah), Moosaa (Moses), 'Eesaa (Jesus) ('alayhim as-salaam). No new Prophets or Messengers will ever be sent after him. Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) was a direct descendant of Ibraaheem through Ismaa'eel (Ishmael) ('alayhimaa as-salaam).

  Muharram first month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Mujaahid (pl. Mujaahidoon)

one engaged in jihaad.

  Musallaa

a praying place.

  Mukallaf

a competent person who is in full possession of his faculties.

 
Mu.min

a believer in Allaah, His Angels, His (revealed) Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, pre-destination both the good and the bad.

 
Munaafiq

a hypocrite from amongst the Muslims whose punishment will be worse than that of a disbeliever in the Hereafter.

 
Mushrik

a polytheist, one who associates partners in the worship of Allaah.

 
Muslim

One who has totally submitted to the Will of Allaah. The name given to the followers of Islaam.

  Musnad (pl. Masaaneed)

a Hadeeth with a continuous chain of transmitters.

  Mustahaadhah

reference to the physical condition of a woman characterised by the condition of istihaadhah.

  Mu'takif

one in a state of i'tikaaf.

Top of Page Naafilah (pl. Nawaafil)

voluntary act of worship.

  Naasikh

the abrogator.

  Nahee

prohibition.

  Naskh

abrogation, repeal.

  Nass (pl. Nusoos)

a clear injunction, an explicit textual ruling.

  Nikaah

marriage contract.

  Nisaab

minimum amount of property liable to payment of the zakaah.

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People of the Book (Ahlul-Kitaab)

term used collectively to refer to the Jews and Christians, to whom the Towraat (Tawrah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were revealed respectively.

Top of Page Qaadhee

judge.

  Qadar

divine pre-ordainment.

 
Qiblah

the direction to the Ka'bah in Makkah, where Muslims turn to in prayer.

  Qiraan

when a person performs Hajj and 'Umrah at one time, with one intention, and entering the state of ihraam only once.

  Qiyaam

the standing posture in salaah.

 
Qiyaamah

the Day of Resurrection, the Day of Judgement.

 
Qur.aan

The final revelation from Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta'aala) to His final Messenger Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam). Refuting any verse of the Noble Qur.aan renders a Muslim a disbeliever.

  Qu'ood

the sitting posture in salaah.

Top of Page Rabee' al-Awwal third month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Rabee' ath-Thaanee / al-Aakhir fourth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Radhi-yallaahu 'anhu

literally means, "May Allaah be pleased with him".

  Radhi-yallaahu 'anhaa

literally means, "May Allaah be pleased with her".

  Radhi-yallaahu 'anhumaa

literally means, "May Allaah be pleased with them both".

  Radhi-yallaahu 'anhum

literally means, "May Allaah be pleased with them all".

  Rahima-hullaah

literally means, "May Allaah have mercy upon him".

  Rahima-hallaah

literally means, "May Allaah have mercy upon her".

  Rahima-humallaah

literally means, "May Allaah have mercy upon them both".

  Rahima-humullaah

literally means, "May Allaah have mercy upon them all".

  Rajab seventh month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Rajm

the stoning to death of those married persons who commit the crime of illegal sexual intercourse (adultery).

  Rak'ah (pl. Raka'aat)

a "unit" of prayer. For example, Salaat al-Fajr consists of two rak'ahs.

  Ramadhaan ninth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Ramal

walking fast around the Ka'bah during tawaaf exaggerating the movement of the limbs to display one's physical strength. This is specific to men and is to be done for the first three circuits only.

  Ramee

stoning the pillars in Minaa. This is from the rites of the Hajj.

  Ribaa

interest, usury. It is of two types:
(i) Ribaa Nissee.a, i.e. interest on lent money;
(ii) Ribaa Fadhl, i.e. taking a superior thing of the same kind of goods by giving more of the same kind of goods of inferior quality, e.g., dates of superior quality for dates of inferior quality in greater amount. Islaam strictly forbids all types of usury.

  Riwaayah (pl. Riwaayaat)

narration, transmission.

  Rukn (pl. Arkaan)

pillar, essential element.

  Rukoo'

the half-prostration posture in salaah.

Top of Page Saa'

a measure of food. It is approximately equivalent to three kilograms of specific types of foods. In reality, it is four times what a person can hold when he cups both of his hands together.

  Sabab (pl. Asbaab)

cause, means of obtaining something.

  Sa'ee

walking seven times between the mountains of Safaa and Marwa during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.

  Safaa

one of the two mounts neighbouring to the east of al-Masjid al-Haraam. It is required to perform the sa'ee between the two mounts seven times, (beginning at Safaa) during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.

  Safar second month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
  Sha'baan eighth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
 
Sahaabah

the close companions of the Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam).

  Saheeh

an authentic hadeeth, a hadeeth of the highest level of authenticity. It is an authority in Islaamic law.

  Sahoor

the recommended pre-dawn meal preceding the fast.

 
Salaah (pl. Salawaat)

term referred to specific supplications and actions, correctly understood as prayers. The Muslims are required to perfom five daily prayers. It is one of the five pillars of Islaam.

  Sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam

May Allaah send prayers and salutations upon him.

 
Sawm

obligatory abstention from food, drink, sexual intercourse and the like from sunrise to sunset for the entire month of Ramadhaan. This obligation is removed for the traveller and the sick who are required to make up the days which they miss. It is one of the five pillars of Islaam.

 
Seerah

a biography of the life of the final Messenger Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam).

  Shart (pl. Shuroot)

condition.

 
Sharee'ah

the Islaamic Law, in particular, what is stated in the texts of the Qur.aan and Sunnah.

  Shawwaal tenth month of the Islaamic Hijrah year.
 
Shaykh (pl. Shuyookh)

correctly referred to as a religious scholar, however, it is also referred to one who is elderly.

 
Shaytaan (pl. Shayaateen)

Satan, the devil.

 
Shirk

polytheism, associating partners in the worship of Allaah.

 
Shooraa

consultation.

  Siraat

literally means, "path, way, road", it also refers to the bridge across the Hell-Fire over which people will need to cross to reach Paradise. It is sharper than the sword and finer than a strand of hair.

  Soorah

chapter, one of the 114 chapters of the Noble Qur.aan.

 
Subhaanahu wa ta'aala

Glory be to Him the Almighty.

  Sujood

the full-prostration posture in salaah.

 
Sunnah (pl. Sunan)

way, mode, manner. Correctly referred to as the words, actions and tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) which serve as an explanation of the meaning of the Noble Qur.aan.

  Sutrah

an object like a pillar, wall, stick, spear etc., the height of which should not be less than a foot and must be in front of a praying person to act as a symbolical barrier between him and those passing infront.

Top of Page Tahajjud, Salaat at-

voluntary late-night prayers, performed between Salaat al-'Ishaa. and Salaat al-Fajr.

  Tahreem

prohibition, or rendering something haraam.

  Takbeer

the saying of "Allaahu Akbar".

  Takleef

liability, obligation.

  Talaaq

divorce initiated by the husband.

  Talbiyyah

the saying of "Labbayk Allaahumma Labbayk" during the Hajj and the 'Umrah.

  Tamattu'

when a person performs the 'Umrah during one of the months of Hajj. Then he leaves the state of ihraam and re-enters it to begin his Hajj.

  Taqleed

imitation, following the views and opinions of others.

  Taraaweeh, Salaat at-

voluntary prayers offered after the Salaat al-Ishaa. on the nights of Ramadhaan. These may be performed individually or in jamaa'ah.

  Tashahhud

the recitation of the invocation: ((at-tahiyyaatu lillaahe)) upto ((wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan Rasoolullaah)), while in the qu'ood posture in salaah.

  Tashree'

legislation.

  Tasleem

whilst in the qu'ood posture, turning the face to the right and reciting ((as-Salaam 'alaykum wa Rahmatullaahe)) and then to the left likewise at the end of the salaah.

  Tawaaf

circumambulation of the Ka'bah.

  Tawaaf al-Ifaadhah

tawaaf of the Ka'bah by the pilgrims after they come from Minaa on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah. It is one of the pillars or essential acts of the Hajj.

  Tawaaf al-Wadaa.

tawaaf of the Ka'bah prior to leaving Makkah. It is preferred this be the last act before leaving Makkah.

  Tawaatur

continuous recurrence, continuous testimony.

  Tayammum

"minor ritual purification", ablution with clean sand/soil in the absence of water.

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Ummah

community of Muslims.

  'Umrah

the "minor pilgrimage." It has less rites than the "major pilgrimage" (Hajj). In general, it may be performed at any time of the year.

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obligatory, often synonymous with fardh.

  Wahee

divine revelation.

  Walee

guardian.

  Waleemah

marriage banquet offered by the husband after the marriage has been consumated.

  Waqf (pl. Awqaaf)

charitable endowment.

  Witr

odd number of rak'ah's to be performed after Salaat al-'Ishaa. and before Salaat al-Fajr.

 
Wudhoo.

"minor ritual purification", ablution with clean and pure water, required for the performance of prayers and other such acts.

  Wujoob

obligation, rendering something obligatory.

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Zakaah

the alms tax deducted from the Muslims wealth at a rate of 2.5%, and distributed to the poor and needy. It is one of the five pillars of Islaam.

  Zakaat al-Fitr

obligatory charity given by Muslims before the 'Eed al-Fitr prayer.

  Zam Zam

sacred well located within al-Masjid al-Haraam.

  Zhuhr, Salaat az-

mid-afternoon prayer. The second of the obligatory five daily prayers.

 
Zinaa

adultery, fornication.